Septic tanks and cesspits are two types of underground tanks used for the collection and storage of sewage and wastewater. While they serve similar purposes, there are some key differences between the two.
A septic tank is a large tank that is typically made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic and is buried underground. The tank is designed to collect wastewater from a home or business, and separates the solids and liquids through a system of pipes and filters. The liquid effluent is then released into a drain field or soakaway system, where it is absorbed into the soil and treated naturally.
A cesspit, on the other hand, is a simpler type of tank that is designed to hold sewage and wastewater without any treatment or separation of solids and liquids. Cesspits are typically smaller than septic tanks and are made of materials such as brick or concrete. They require regular emptying, as they can quickly become full and overflow.
One of the main differences between septic tanks and cesspits is the level of treatment that is provided. Septic tanks use a series of pipes and filters to separate solids and liquids, which helps to break down the wastewater naturally and reduce the level of harmful bacteria. Cesspits, on the other hand, simply hold the wastewater without any treatment, which can lead to a buildup of harmful bacteria and odor.
Another difference between the two is the maintenance required. Septic tanks require regular maintenance, including pumping and cleaning every few years, to ensure that the system is functioning properly. Cesspits, on the other hand, require more frequent emptying and cleaning, as they do not have any treatment or filtration systems in place.
In summary, septic tanks and cesspits are two types of underground tanks used for the collection and storage of sewage and wastewater. While they serve similar purposes, septic tanks provide a level of treatment and separation of solids and liquids, while cesspits simply hold the wastewater without any treatment. Understanding the differences between these two options can help individuals choose the right option for their specific needs.